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Appendix B: Safety and Control Areas

The CNSC’s regulatory requirements and expectations for the safety performance of programs are grouped into three functional areas and 14 safety and control areas (SCAs). The SCAs are further divided into specific areas that define the key components of each SCA. Table B.1 shows a list of the functional areas, SCAs and the specific areas that define the key components of each SCA.

Table B.1: The CNSC’s functional areas, safety and control areas, and specific areas

Functional area

Safety and control area (SCA)

Specific area

Management

1.      Management system

Management system

 

Organization

 

Performance assessment, improvements and management review

 

Operating experience (OPEX)

 

Change management

 

Safety culture

 

Configuration management

 

Records management

 

Management of contractors

 

Business continuity

 

2.      Human performance management

Human performance program

 

Personnel training

 

Personnel certification

 

Initial certification examinations and requalification tests

 

Work organization and job design

 

Fitness for duty

 

3.      Operating performance

Conduct of licensed activities

 

Procedures

 

Reporting and trending

 

Outage management performance

 

Safe operating envelope

 

Severe accident management and recovery

 

Accident management and recovery

Facility and equipment

4.      Safety analysis

Deterministic safety analysis

Hazard analysis

 

Probabilistic safety assessment

 

Criticality safety

 

Severe accident analysis

 

Management of safety issues (including R&D programs)

 

5.      Physical design

Design governance

 

Site characterizations

 

Facility design

 

Structure design

 

System design

 

Components design

 

6.      Fitness for service

Equipment fitness for service / equipment performance

 

Maintenance

 

Structural integrity

 

Aging management

 

Chemistry control

 

Periodic inspections and testing

Core control processes

7.      Radiation protection

Application of ALARA

Worker dose control

Radiation protection program performance

Radiological hazard control

Estimated dose to public

 

8.      Conventional health and safety

Performance

 

Practice

 

Awareness

 

9.      Environmental protection

Effluent and emissions control (releases)

 

Environmental management system (EMS)

 

Assessment and monitoring

 

Protection of the public

 

Environmental risk assessment

 

10.   Emergency management and fire protection

Conventional emergency preparedness and response

Nuclear emergency preparedness and response

Fire emergency preparedness and response

 

11.   Waste management

Waste characterization

 

Waste minimization

 

Waste management practices

 

Decommissioning plans

 

12.   Security

Facilities and equipment

 

Response arrangements

 

Security practices

 

Drills and exercises

 

13.   Safeguards and non-proliferation

Nuclear material accountancy and control

 

Access and assistance to the IAEA

 

Operational and design information

 

Safeguards equipment, containment and surveillance

 

Import and export

 

14.   Packaging and transport

Package design and maintenance

 

Packaging and transport

 

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