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Sections 4.13.1, General considerations and 4.13.2, Nuclear accountancy and control

General considerations

Note: Either before, or concurrent with, applying for a licence to construct a reactor facility, the applicant must complete and submit to the CNSC the IAEA safeguards design information questionnaire (available upon request from the CNSC’s International Safeguards Division). The CNSC encourages early engagement on the completion of this questionnaire, particularly for novel technologies where safeguards measures have not yet been developed. For more information, see REGDOC‑2.13.1, Safeguards and Nuclear Material Accountancy [51].

The applicant shall provide a description of the arrangements made by the applicant that will permit the CNSC to discharge Canada's obligations and provide information to the IAEA. The application shall describe how the arrangements address the requirements in REGDOC‑2.13.2, Import and Export [52] and REGDOC‑2.13.1, Safeguards and Nuclear Material Accountancy [51], and are in accordance with sections 7.23 and 8.12 of REGDOC‑2.5.2, Design of Reactor Facilities: Nuclear Power Plants [9].

The application should describe measures related to site buildings and structures, operational parameters and the flow and storage of nuclear material, from the reactor facility's design and commissioning phases through to its decommissioning and eventual abandonment.

For reactor facilities, the non-proliferation program is limited to the tracking and reporting of international obligations and origins of nuclear material.

For the purposes of the application and its review, document ownership will vary between the IAEA, the CNSC and the applicant:

·       the IAEA is responsible for the generic safeguards approach

·       the CNSC is responsible for:

·       coordinating with the IAEA in developing the generic safeguards approach

·       negotiating the safeguards arrangements with the IAEA for the applicant facility

·       monitoring the applicant’s compliance with safeguards documents, requirements and obligations

·       the applicant is responsible for establishing and implementing the safeguards program

Nuclear accountancy and control

The application should describe how the program ensures the collection, storage and reporting of information on the inventory and transfer of nuclear material subject to safeguards to the CNSC and IAEA. The application should describe measures to ensure that nuclear materials are tracked and reports are submitted to the CNSC on the inventory and transfer of nuclear material and the application of IAEA safeguards.

The application should describe provisions for timely submission of accurate reports and information on nuclear material. Further information is available in REGDOC‑2.13.1, Safeguards and Nuclear Material Accountancy [51].

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